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Posted by on 2022/07/12 under Life

Firstly, we need to determine determinism and we can’t determine if the universe is deterministic.

General relativity showed actual space to be curved and Einstein's 1916 discovery of indeterminacy in quantum events, confirmed ten years later by the quantum theories of Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg showed determinism to be not true.

Secondly, we would need to think about quantum mechanic (choice happened by virtue of a quantum jump or any other factors). “Quantum theory is the theoretical basis of modern physics that explains the nature and behavior of matter and energy on the atomic and subatomic level. The nature and behavior of matter and energy at that level is sometimes referred to as quantum physics and quantum mechanics.” Not proven still a theory. “The reason we can’t predict the outcome of a quantum measurement,” she explains, “is that we are missing information,” that is, hidden variables. Superdeterminism, she notes, gets rid of the measurement problem and nonlocality as well as randomness. Hidden variables determine in advance how physicists carry out the experiments; physicists might think they are choosing one option over another, but they aren’t. Hossenfelder calls free will “logically incoherent nonsense.”

To me that leaves illusionism (look up David Hume). It goes “Illusionism is the position that illusion often has a large and positive role to play in the issue of free will. In arguing for the importance of illusion, I claim that we can see why it is useful, that it is a reality, and why by and large it ought to continue to be so. Illusory beliefs are in place concerning free will and moral responsibility, and the role they play is largely positive. Humanity is fortunately deceived on the free will issue, and this seems to be a condition of civilized morality and personal value.”

Daniel Wegner describes it very simply, "It usually seems that we consciously will our voluntary actions, but this is an illusion."

You could also search Naturalism. Naturalism has a long history in the free will debates, beginning with David Hume's arguments in the Treatise on Human Nature and the Enquiries concerning Human Understanding. He argued that humans have "natural beliefs" that are prior to experience and shape our perceptions. Today we see these as our evolutionary inheritance and partly the conditioning by our environment and culture during our biological and social development.

Hence, that lovely giant circle.

-M

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